Policies in Cambodia
A. Domestic Policies
The main goal of the Royal Government is to ensure peace stability and national unity. In order to create a political stability conducive to theeconomic and social development, and the alleviation of poverty, Cambodia respect of human rights must be firmly promoted.
The Royal Government adheres to national solidarity.To respect the consuls of His Majesty the King, the Cambodians from all walks oflife and political backgrounds from every corner of the world must come together to defense their national is independence peace and prosperity. To restore permanent peace and political stability the Royal Government would welcome the return of the remnant of the Khmer Rouge. It continues to integrate the armed force and the people who support the policyof pacification successfully implemented in Pailin, Samlot, Malai, Anlong Veng,Preah Vihea, and in other areas.
The Royal Government continues to cooperate with international organizations to set up the repatriation program to settle the Cambodian refugees into their society. It would pay at any price to stop there turn of the genocidal regime and the recurrence of the recent past tragedies.The hard-line leaders of the out lawed Khmer Rouge would be put on trail by the court. In the meantime, the Royal Government would reinstate a handful of former servicemen into the Royal Armed Forces. Under the chairmanship of His Majestythe King, the November 13 statement clearly emphasized that the working group incharge of military affairs must immediately and properly implement theagreements set forth in the spirit of the November 12-13 summit. The Kingdom ofCambodia has full sovereignty. It is a unified state not a seceded state.
2. Liberal Democratic Process andRespect of Human Rights
The Royal Government adheres to the principle of democratic pluralism and to the respect of human rights for which, it strongly believes they are fundamental to the social progress. The democratization and liberalization of all social fabrics must be rapidly addressed, because they arethe essential forces of economic and social developments. The Royal Government assures and protest freedom of its citizenry bestowed in the Constitution, inthe Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the Convenants on Civil and Political Rights and Social, Economic and Cultural Right, and in the Conventionon the Rights of Women and Children. It strongly opposes racial hatred. Theoverall structure of the state run human rights institution would be upgraded.
3. Freedom of the Press and of Expression
The Royal Government vigorously supports freedom ofthe press, freedom of expression and of assembly, which freely contribute tosocial and political conscience. In order to seek different shade and color ofopinions, public forums are encouraged to take place. At the same time, freedom and anarchy should be clearly differentiated. The Constitution provides itcitizenry their freedoms to be enjoyed and honored, not to be destructive andintrusive.
4. The Role of Oppositions
To mobilize the wisdom from all walks of life and backgrounds to build the nation, the Royal Government widely supports the roleof oppositions for constructive criticism, and for good services to the nation.The oppositions have full legal rights to perform its political activities. Theyare fully guarantied by the Royal Government equal social and political benefits, such as freedom, justice, security, and employment. They may assist Cambodia is young democracy to be fully developed. They do not have to implicate themselves in order to be labeled oppositions. The Royal Government and the oppositions would have to promote jointly the national interest, the social stability, and the welfare of the people, so that Cambodia and her people may enjoy the fruits of long lasting political strength and national stability.
The role of the oppositions shall be defined in the law.
5. The Participation of the Civil Society
The Royal Government and the civil society shall incorporate their principle of state of law into streng thening democracy,liberty, and social law and order. They may not develop the country by conflicting interests between civil and political societies. The civil society shall be a key partner of the Royal Government in the construction of Cambodia. In view, the Royal Government would endorse the multiple activities of thenon-governmental organizations and of associations, which have served the Cambodian people nation wide. It will appropriate special funds and allocate them to the non-governmental organization in providing services on its behalf to theneedly. The Royal Government would welcome the participation of the international non-government organizations in the process of rehabilitation of economic development and in the promotion of democracy and human rights.Therefore, it needs drafting a law on the non-government organizations and associations.
6. The Rule of Law
The rule of law is the basic principle of democracy the sustainability of the government and of all institutions. It is to ensurefreedom national interest justice, harmony and social sustainability. Aforceful legal structure to end assaults on human dignity is urgently needed.The enforcement and education of law would be widely disseminated. All men areborn free and equal, but they must not be allowed to be above the law. A set oflaw must be applied equally to all.
Presently, administrative, judicial, military andpoloce, and economic reforms are urgently to be addressed. Today, Cambodia is administrative machine is excessive.The Royal Government can not further support it. It would take steps to reformit. It should gradually trimmed. It should be neutral and sound administration, which is capable to effectively serve the people. The rule of civil servantsmust be strictly applied. The training program to update the knowledge and skillof the employs must be spontaneously upgraded and maintained.
The physical structure of provinces and its citiesmust be reviewed. The provincial administration autonomy should seriously considered. The management of provinces, districts, communes and villages shouldbe properly carried out to rules and regulations. The judicial system and the court are necessary to beentirely overhauled. By law, they ought to be independent, honest, andtrustworthy. To succeed their quest, the corporations among the national institutions, such as the National Assembly, the Government, the Constitutional Council, the Council of Magistracy, and the court, should be overcome. Judges salaries must be adequately raised. Especially, they judges in the Supreme Courtmust request their summons be properly recorded and executed. However, if thereis a judge committing a violation, the Council of Magistracy should immediatelyreprimand him or her. The corruption and power abuses, which obstruct thepromotion and supports of the people is living conditions, ought to be stopped.The Cambodia is, the businessmen, and the investors must not be victimized bythose exploitations. The Royal Government of Cambodia considers the fightagainst the corruption as its matter of priority.
The Royal Government would set transparency in everywork force. The anti-corruption institution would be soon formed. To ensure theeffectiveness in the work force, the following measures would urgently berealized:
- The anti-corruption law against the corrupt,
- The creation of an agency to monitor and to fight corruption,
- The wealth clearance decree,
- The State estates control,
- The encouragement of citizenry to participate in the corruption fight,
- The appropriation of pay raise for the civil servants in accordance to the national budget.
B. National Defense and Security
The Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) the Military Police and the National Police would fulfill their roles according to the Military and Police rules of order. They must be neutral obedient, and self-restraint. They must sacrifice their lives to protect the Constitution ofthe Kingdom of Cambodia. They would bravely defense the national independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity, to maintain peace, security, andstability, and to enforce law and order. They must end insurgency, terrorism,and secession. They must completely eradicate kidnapping, armed robbery, drug trafficking, artifact smuggling, money laundering, and sexual exploitation ofminor children and women. They must properly enforce the law to make their homeland prosperous and safe for all, including diplomats, investors, tourists,and foreign workers.
They would participate in the national development programs. They must be active in the rescue operation to save lives of thepeople from the natural causes. They ought to curtail the use of illegalweapons, and close down the arms black markets. The service of militia may be reviewed. Some placesstill its assistance. For other places it help is not applicable. However, the demobilization of militia and its disarmament should be highly considered.
C. Foreign Policies
Cambodia adheres to policy of neutrality andnon-alliance. It indiscriminately establishes relations with all friendly states worldwide. It conducts policies of mutual understanding, equality, respect, andnon-interference in other state is internal affairs. Cambodia would fortify bilateral friendship and cooperation with its neighbors. The border issues with its neighbors would beresolved through negotiations, and peaceful means. Cambodia would establish bilateral and multilateral friendships with regional countries, especially with ASEAN. It wants tocontribute as it may in jointly building the Southeast Asia to be a region of peace, tranquility, and prosperity. When it becomes an active member of ASEAN, Cambodiawould conduct itself within the principle of the agreements.
Cambodia is a member of non-aligned movement. Withinthe principle of agreements it would increase its diplomatic relationship witother nations, and set up embassies within its financial and human resources. Cambodia with high respect to humanity would conductitself to be a good member of the United Nations. To solve the problem of illegal immigrants, Cambodia would utilize its immigration law that enshrines the principle set forth in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights. The Royal Government of Cambodia is very grateful tothe international communities for their contribution, peace, democracy andprosperity in Cambodia.